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Baroque gilded Furnaces

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Reconstruction Interior – LIFESTYLE footprints

Grassalkovich palace – Presidential rooms, Bratislava

/ Newly created 2 pieces of baroque gilded furnaces in the audience hall by photographs , in 1995. // restored baroque, wooden, gilded paneling in 1994 /

Conservation and restoration of architecture means in practice wide spectrum of implementations and methodological approaches. In practice, often only stylistic architectural material with parts of the original details or fragments of paintings are reconstructed, but the actual realities of the time, which were part of life and disappeared over the centuries. Such a fate also hit the historic interior of Grassalkovich Palace in Bratislava, which is now the seat of the President. Architecture is a late baroque pavilion palace that through the design of A. Mayerhofer the palace was built after 1760 by the director of the Hungarian Chamber of the courtyard Anton Grassalkovich, outside the city walls, in front of the gate at Suché mýto. To this summer residence belong large, decorative landscaped gardens. Late Baroque in the Rococo style brings a new perspective to the value of interior. It has an apartment in a uniform style, filled with precious furniture, mirrors, wall and objects that have a unitary character. Rococo was dominated by precise, delicate and demanding artistic handicraft work. Decorative elements have special ornaments derived from irregular shells, coral and dynamic lines that are terminated in an S or C shape. But even the very corpus of furniture and parts of the machine are dynamically separated. In 1994 renovation works of interior of Grasalkovich palace are realized. Based on the successful implementation and recovery of precious wooden wall paneling in the interior of the palace NOVOTA is responsible for refurbishing those ceramic furnaces that did not survive in the main audience hall of the palace. It was not an easy task. Furnace itself did not exist anymore, there were only niches with decorative framing. Recovery coordinator and consultant Dr. Š. Holčík searched for the vintage photographs of the interior with a view on the original furnace. It was supposed to become a basis for final implementation. It was a difficult journey that led to final realization. However, the authors clearly had professional qualifications; Dušan Novota graduated from the Department of Ceramics at Professor’s T. Lugs and Oľga Novotová studied carving at Professor’s L. Korkoš. Excellent preparation experts from Bratislava SŠUP, a sense of fair craft, but also creative imagination and precise preparation became the birthplace for both authors in the reconstruction of furnaces that many rejected as too risky and hard work. The authors first properly studied the issue of Baroque furnaces directly insitu. Their journey led to munseum collections in Bratislava, Prague and Brno. They undertook researches in implementing workshops in Moravia and they selected the company Pexider in Letovice. They developed a project implementation, they drew the drawings at a scale of 1: 1. Then they processed the entire process, from casting individual parts, casting plaster molds to the creation of their own parts made of ceramic clay. The individual parts of the body were reinforced by ceramic grid and they had to consider the material shrinkage during curing.
A total of 94 units – single parts dynamically formed two corpora of Rococo furnaces, with precisely created initial relief ornamentation had to be carefully transported for burn in Letovice, where the subsequent firing and then glazing with special white glaze in the tone of rococo furnaces. The authenticity of the work is underlined by the soft crackle glaze faulty. Re-transportation (across national borders with customs) and construction of the furnaces directly at the palace were the final steps in the reconstruction. Furnaces were mounted on a gilded platform with legs. The individual parts were put together and retouched. Next step was gilding with very shiny gloss using the original technological process and final retouching. Successful implementation of the reconstruction of the two Rococo furnaces in the reception hall of the Presidential Palace in Bratislava is the work of Oľga Novotová and Dušan Novota. In a series of reconstructed monument buildings from the studio of firm Novota also the fireplace restored in authentic situations in manor house Rohovce is one of the remarkable implementations. Fireplace body from the 18th century is made up of marble pilasters with volutes and dynamically wavy compilation, which has baroque shells in the middle.
In front of the fireplace in the oak floors marble filled field with indented perimeter. Brass door and other metal elements come from the period of building reconstruction in the 19th and 20th century. Fireplace body was recovered using the method of original stucco lustro in the original colors and gloss. Gray-brown marble with black grains act together with brass elements which had their original high gloss returned, like a precious artistic and functional whole of the exclusive castle interior. The authors of the recovery in 2008 is Dipl. rest. E. Novotová and Mgr. art. V. Kolibská from NOVOTA ART company.

Zuzana Ševčíková

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Baroque gilded Furnaces

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